|Munduko hizkuntzen amarauna|
|Name of the language||DANISH ||Heteroglotonym||(DO) ||Autoglotonym||DANSK ||Other names of the language||Danois,Danés  ||Basque name||Daniera ||Country where the language is spoken||DENMARK||Linguistic filiation||Family: Indo-european Group: Germanic Subgroup: Nordic ||Varieties|| ||Artícles||01.Does this language have other varieties? If so, what are these?||There are discussions concerning the development of a specific variety in Greenland.|
American Danish varieties in the US.
|02.Does the language exist in a written form?||Yes||03.Is there standardisation of the language?||Yes.||04.Do you consider yourself a member of this linguistic community? If so, why?||Yes. I was born in Denmark, Danish is my first language and mother tongue.||05.Where is this language spoken? What are its geographical boundaries?||In Denmark, in Southern Suhleswing - Germany, in Greenland.||06.Have these geographical boundaries changed over the years? If so, how have they altered?||Not much.||07.What is the physical terrain of this area like?||08.Are any other languages spoken within the same territory? If so, what are these?||German in Northern Schlesurg (Denmark). Many inmigrants languages.||09.Could you enclose a sketch or indicate the area in which this language is spoken? (if you wish, you can draw a sketch in the space on the next page)||10.What State(s) / country (ies) do/es the territory/ies where the language is spoken belong to?||Denmark.||11.What is the total number of inhabitants (whether or not they speak this language) of this territory?||About 5 million.||12.How many of the inhabitants understand, speak, read or write this language?||All of them, except some inmigrants and refugees. Of course, there is some functional illiteracy.||13.How many of the speakers are monolingual (use only this language)?||About 20%, mostly over 60 years of age.||14.How many of the speakers are bilingual (use this and another language)? What other language(s) do they speak?||80% of the population of 5 mill. Has some / good / excellent knowledge of English. Many of these have a knowledge of German, and some fewer of French / Spanish. Most Danes understand Norwegian and Swedish, especially written.||15.How many of the speakers are multilingual (speak this and more than one other language)? What other languages do they speak?||About 60 % (?) : Danish, English, German .||16.Are speakers of this language dispersed throughout the territory, or are they concentrated in specific population centres?||17.How has the number of speakers of this language evolved over time (increased, decreased or remained stable)?||Relatively stable.||18.Is the language passed down from generation to generation? If not, why not? What language is replacing it?||Yes. There is some discussion of English replacing Danish in certain domains, e.g. academic discourse.||19.Could you indicate how often the members of each generation use the language with other generations (old people with old people, young people with old people, etc) in their informal contacts (in the street, at home, in leisure time,...)?||20.ADo the speakers of other languages learn this language? In what circumstances?||20.BDo the speakers of other languages speak this language? In what circumstances?||Rarely. Some foreign students learn Danish. People study Scandinavian languages at various departments across the world. Danish is second language for inmigrants and refugees and is an important foreign language in Iceland and Greenland.||21.Is there any historical, political or economic factor which has affected the situation||Strong influence of English - loan words etc. and English replacing Danish in certain domains.||22.Has any other factor directly influenced the growth or threatened the future of the language (migration, temporary labour, deportations, wars...)?||No.||23.Is the language currently threatened? If so, what is the cause?||Maybe somehow from English ( see above Question 21.)||24.Is the community which speaks this language in danger? If so, what is the cause?||No.||25.Is there any internal migration (movement of the population within the territory)? Is there any external migration (movement out of the territory to others)? If so, what is the cause?||Not much (internal migration). Not much (external migration). Some emigrants to Europe and other places.||26.What is the main economic activity of this community?||27.What is the influence of religion on this community?||Protestant, very secularised.||28.Does the language have any official status (official, joint-official language, acceptance...)?||Official - Yes.||29.Is the language used in contact with the administration? Indicate whether its use in||Both - Yes.||30.Is this language used in education (whether as the teaching medium or as a subject of study)? Indicate whether there is spoken and /or written use of the language in elementary and higher education.||Yes. In some places in secondary and tertiary education replaced by English, eventually other languages ( German, French).||31.Is this language used in the media (radio, newspapers and television...)?||Yes.||32.Is the language used in religious services and ceremonies? Indicate whether there is spoken or written use of the language in religious services and ceremonies.||Yes.||33.Is the language used in business and labour relations? Indicate whether the use is spoken and/or written.||Yes. English in certain big international organizations/business.||34.Are there any other areas in which this language is used in its written form?||35.Is there any organisation or body responsible for linguistic policy and planning with respect to this language? What kind of activities does this perform?||Yes. ("Spragnaunet") "Dansk Spragnaun". Linguistic Counciling. Orthography very pragmatic.||36.Is there any kind of cultural or linguistic organisation or body which promotes the knowledge and/or use of the language? What kind of activities does this perform?||1.- Det Danish Institut (Danish Cultural Institute) Promotes Danish abroad, has institutes in various European countries - UK, France, Germany, Latvia... 2.- A reactionary organization "Det danishe Selshab"||37.Does he language have a literary tradition? If so, please give some information about this literary tradition.||Yes, from about 1,000 AD. (Runnic transcriptions).||38.What is the attitude of the majority of the members of this community towards the knowledge and use of this language?||(Good!)||39.What is the attitude of the majority of the members of the neighbouring communities towards the knowledge and use of the language?||(Good)||40.Please add any other details regarding the situation of the language which you consider of interest.||Denmark is relatively homogenous linguistically speaking. There are dialects, regional variations - and inmigrant languages / ethnic minority languages. Danish is a majority language, and there is a quite strong policy in Denmark, concernig linguistic assimilation of inmigrants to Danish language.|